الصحة و اللياقة

Ungaqala Kanjani Ingadi 101

Ukutshala ingadi kwakuyingxenye yokuphila evamile kubantu abaningi. Ezizukulwaneni eziningi ezedlule, omakhelwane babeshintshanisa imikhiqizo emisha phezu kocingo (ama-zucchini amaningi kakhulu futhi!). Futhi abantu abaningi babazi umlimi wangakubo. Abaningi bethu banezinkumbulo ezimnandi zogogo bevula ithini lamakhukhamba okuzenzela noma ujamu.

Uma ubheke ukuqalisa ngelakho ukungcola okuncane, nansi indlela yokuqala ingadi.

Nakuba izikhathi sezishintshile (i-Wal-Mart, noma ubani?), sisenamandla okutshala okunye ukudla kwethu okungenani ingxenye yonyaka cishe kuzo zonke izingxenye zomhlaba. Nokho ngokwezibalo abaningi bethu abakwenzi (ikakhulukazi e-US).

Ukonga umthombo wokudla wendawo kubalulekile futhi ukusebenza engadini kuwulungele umzimba nomphefumulo. Kulo nyaka, wenzela Umhlaba nomndeni wakho okuthile okuhle futhi ucabange ukuhlola leso sithupha esiluhlaza! Esikhundleni sokukhokha idola eliphezulu ngemikhiqizo ephilayo esitolo, zama ukulima engadini egcekeni lakho.

Sekuyisikhathi Sokubuyisela Ingadi!

Ngezikhathi zempi, imikhaya yayikhuthazwa ukuba itshale “izingadi zokunqoba” ukuze zisize ekuvimbeleni ukuswelakala kokudla. Ngesinye isikhathi kwakukhona ngaphezu kwezi-20,000,000 zalezi zingadi zemifino e-US. Njengoba impi yayiphela futhi abantu besuka kwezolimo futhi beya ezindaweni zasemadolobheni, izingadi zasekhaya zaqala ukwehla.

Usengaba nengadi yakho nakuba kungakhathaliseki ukuthi uhlalaphi! Uma kungokokuqala ngqa ukwenza ingadi, qala kancane futhi usebenzise lokho onakho. Ingadi entsha ingaba lula njengengadi yesiqukathi kuvulandi wakho ongemuva noma ingadi yemifino efasiteleni lakho lekhishi. Uma unendawo yemibhede yasengadini engaphansi ungakwazi ukukhiqiza ukudla okwanele ukondla umndeni.

Izindaba ezinhle ukuthi eminyakeni yamuva ukulima kuye kwabuya ngempela!

Indlela Yokuqala Ingadi Yabasaqalayo

Umcabango wokuqala ingadi yakho yokuqala ungaba mkhulu. Ziningi kakhulu izitshalo/imbewu ongazithenga, kanye nezitayela ezahlukene zokulima, ingasaphathwa eyokugcina konke kuphila!

Uma ukuthola ukudla okusha okunezakhamzimba eziningi kubaluleke kakhulu, khona-ke ngisho nengadi encane noma ibhokisi lemifino yasendlini kuyisinyathelo esiqonde ngqo. Ukudla okuvela engadini akudingekile ukuthi kufakwe ethini … okuningi kwakho kungaphonswa efrijini (noma kudliwe kusanda!).

Inzuzo yami yezingadi eyintandokazi? Izingane ziyaxhuma ngokudla okunempilo ngendlela entsha yomlingo ngokubona ukuthi ukudla kwabo kuvelaphi. Nakhu ukuthi ungaqala kanjani ngengadi yakho yemvelo engemuva kwendlu, isinyathelo ngesinyathelo!

1. Khetha Isikhala Sakho

Ngazi abantu abaningi abanenhlanhla yokuba negceke elikhulu elinendawo enkulu engadini. Nokho abaningi bethu bahlala edolobheni noma endaweni engaphansi kwedolobha elincane futhi banendawo elinganiselwe ethola ilanga eligcwele. Thola ukuthi ingakanani indawo ongayinikela engadini bese uhlela ngokufanele.

Hlola igceke lakho noma indawo yompheme izikhathi eziningana ngosuku ukuze ubone ukuthi mangaki amahora okukhanya kwelanga okuqondile akutholayo. Lokhu kuzokusiza ukhethe indawo engadini engcono kakhulu. Okufanelekile, uzophinde ufune okuthile okuseduze ngokwanele nomthombo wamanzi (njenge-spigot noma ipayipi). Ukudonsa ithini lokuchelela ihora elilodwa ngosuku kungakhathala!

Cabangela ukusebenzisa imibhede ephakanyisiwe ukuze ukwandise isikhala nokukhiqiza. Noma, uma uneziqukathi ezimbalwa evulandi, qiniseka ukuthi zithola inhlabathi esezingeni eliphezulu, umanyolo ophilayo, nelanga elanele namanzi (ngokugeleza kahle).

2. Nquma ukuthi Yini Ozoyikhulisa

Okukhethayo ukukhula kuzoncika esikhaleni onaso. Bese kuba nokukhethwa kwezitshalo zonyaka (izinto ezifana nama-eggplant notamatisi) kanye nezitshalo ezihlala njalo (njenge-echinacea ne-rosemary).

Ngonyaka wokuqala ikakhulukazi, kungaba nzima ukwazi ukuthi yini okufanele uyitshale. Lapho ngiqala ukwenza ingadi, sasivame ukugcina utamatisi omningi futhi sifisa sengathi singaba namakhukhamba amaningi. Uma ufuna ukuphuma konke, nakhu ukuthi ukhule malini ngomuntu ngamunye ukuze wondle umndeni wakho unyaka wonke.

Iqhinga lami manje elokutshala ukudla (a) esikudla kakhulu futhi (b) okubiza kakhulu ukukuthenga ngokwezinto eziphilayo. Kithina, lokhu kusho inqwaba yesipinashi, ama-strawberry, isikwashi sasebusika, utamatisi, amakhambi, ukhukhamba, amajikijolo aluhlaza, ubhatata nopelepele.

Ukusiza ukuthola ukuthi isitshalo ngasinye kufanele sikhule kangakanani nokuthi sisitshale nini, hlola GrowVeg.com. Banikeza isivivinyo samahhala sezinsuku ezingama-30 segayidi yabo yokuhlela ingadi, esikuvumela ukuthi ubone ukuthi zingaki uhlobo ngalunye ongalitshala.

Nasi isithombe sokuthi ingadi yethu yasentwasahlobo yayibukeka kanjani unyaka owodwa sisebenzisa lolu hlelo lwengadi:

Baphinde bakunike ishadi elihle lezinsuku zokutshala zesimo sezulu sakho:

ishadi lokutshala ingadi eliphilayo

Ithiphu yabaqalayo: Ungakhathazwa yizincwadi zengadi, amashadi, nokuhlela ukuthi ungayitshala kanjani imifino. Okungenhla yilokho engikuzame ngemva kweminyaka eminingana yokulima engadini. Okubalulekile wukuqala ukuthola ulwazi oluthile. Khetha amaphakethe embewu ambalwa bese ulandela imiyalelo engemuva. Unyaka ngamunye uzozama into entsha futhi wakhe ingadi yamaphupho akho!

Izinketho ezinhle kakhulu zembewu yabaqalayo yilezi:

  • i-snap peas (izingane zithanda lezi!)
  • utamatisi
  • upelepele
  • ama-marigolds (izinsimu zidinga izimbali – lezi ezihlukahlukene iyadliwa futhi)
  • i-zucchini
  • ama-radishes

Ufuna ukuyigcina ilula kakhulu? Oda ikhithi yengadi yabaqalayo eza nayo yonke imiyalelo namathuluzi okuhlela. Isinqumo senziwe!

3. Qala Imbewu Ngaphakathi

Ukuqala imbewu endlini kukunikeza isiqalo esiyinhloko engadini kanye nenkathi yokukhula ende. Ukuqala izitshalo ezinjengotamatisi kanye nopelepele ngaphakathi cishe kuyadingeka ukuze kube nenkathi enhle yokukhula.

Ungathenga izitshalo zokuqala esikhungweni sengadi yangakini, kodwa ukuzikhulisela eyakho ngembewu kuyinto yokufunda ejabulisayo! Kushibhile kakhulu futhi kulula ukuthola izinhlobonhlobo eziningi ze-heirloom nezitshalo eziphilayo.

Uzophinde ufune ukuhlola ukuthi usuku lokugcina lwesithwathwa luyindawo yakho ekhulayo ukuze unqume isikhathi sokutshala imbewu. Bona lokhu okuthunyelwe ukuze uthole imininingwane eyengeziwe yokuthi ungakwenza kanjani. Ngengadi yekwindla, uzofuna ukuhlwanyela ngokuqondile imbewu ngaphandle noma ukuqale ngaphakathi ehlobo.

Ithiphu yabaqalayo: Njengoba kushiwo ngenhla, kukhona amakhithi abalimi abaqalayo ukuze bakhiphe ukucindezeleka ohlelweni. Zama isethi elula yokuqalisa imbewu ukuze uthole imiyalelo yesinyathelo nesinyathelo eqondene nesitshalo ngasinye.

Uma ufuna ukukhetha ezinhlobonhlobo eziningi zembewu, ngincoma Imbewu Yeqabunga Yeqiniso ngokukhetha okungeyona i-GMO kanye ne-organic. Imbewu ye-Heirloom izinhlobonhlobo eziye zahlala isikhathi eside futhi zagcinwa ezizukulwaneni ngezizukulwane.

4. Lungisa Insimu

Uma unendawo engadini agodliwe, udinga ukwenza isiqiniseko sokuthi unenhlabathi enhle engadini ukusebenza. Uma kungenjalo ungangeza izichibiyelo ezifana ne-organic matter noma uhlanganise ungqimba lomquba.

Amahhovisi amaningi esandiso sesifunda anikeza ukuhlolwa kwenhlabathi ngamanani ashibhile. Ukuhlola inhlabathi yakho kuzokusiza ukuthi ukhombe ukuthi yini, uma ikhona, okudingeka uyengeze emhlabathini ukuze uqiniseke ukuthi izitshalo zakho zikhula kahle. Lezi zivivinyo ngokuvamile zizungeze u-$20 futhi zinikeza ulwazi olubalulekile oluzosiza ingadi yakho unyaka wonke.

imibhede yokuphakamisa yesikhashana

Silima ngamaloli amaningana omquba ophilayo kule minyaka embalwa edlule. Nakuba lokhu kwakunenani elincane ngaphambili, kwaba nomvuzo ngokuhamba kwesikhathi. Umhlabathi wethu ngokwemvelo uwubumba oluqinile oluqinile olungaphumi kahle. Ukwengeza umquba kwasinika inhlabathi enhle, emnyama ekhiqiza imifino ngobuningi!

Ithiphu yabaqalayo: Ufuna elula? Zama ibhokisi lokutshala le-DIY! Ngabelane ngeziyalezo zebhokisi lami lokutshala imisedari elilula ngaphambili, futhi lena enye yezindlela ezilula zokukhulisa ingadi encane engemuva. Lesi simila singamamitha amathathu kuphela ubude futhi sizolingana cishe nanoma yimuphi uvulandi noma umpheme. Satshala i-kale, amakhambi, kanye nemifino emincane embalwa kithi.

5. Sisebenzise Kakhulu Isikhala Sakho

Ungakwazi ukwandisa kalula indawo yakho ekhulayo futhi ngokuvamile uvimbele izinambuzane ngezindlela ezimbalwa zokulima ezingadi. Ukuqinisekisa ukuthi uthola ukukhiqiza okuningi kusuka ezindaweni ezincane, izinqubo ezifana nokutshala okuhambisanayo, ukutshala okulandelanayo, kanye nengadi yonyawo lwesikwele kungasiza.

Companion Planting

Ukutshala okuhambisanayo kukuvumela ukuthi ukhule izitshalo eziningi ezisizana endaweni efanayo. Isibonelo sakudala isiko lamaNdiya lokutshala ummbila, ubhontshisi, nesikwashi ndawonye. Ummbila uhlinzeka ngesakhiwo sikabhontshisi kanye ne-squash, futhi ubhontshisi ufaka i-nitrogen emhlabathini ukuze ukondle ummbila kanye ne-squash.

Esinye isibonelo ukutshala i-basil ngaphansi kukatamatisi. Ngaphandle kokunambitha okuhle ndawonye, ​​lezi zimbili zisiza ukuvimbela izinambuzane enye kwenye futhi zithuthukise ikhwalithi ekhulayo yazo. Izitshalo ezinde nazo zinganikeza ukuphumula okuthile ezitshalweni ezithanda umthunzi.

Izitshalo engizikhonzile ukuze zikhule ndawonye yilezi:

  • I-Basil notamatisi ukukhuthaza ukukhula nokugcina izinambuzane kude
  • Ama-marigolds engadini yonke ukuze avimbele izinambuzane futhi anciphise ama-nematode
  • Dill nge ikhukhamba
  • I-Catnip, i-mint, ne-chamomile phakathi kwe-brassicas (iklabishi, i-broccoli, i-cauliflower, njll.) ukuze kuvinjelwe izinambuzane
  • Beet ngaphansi iklabishi ukuze wandise isikhala
  • Ukhukhamba anama-mammoth sunflowers – ama-sunflowers asebenza njenge-trellis

Ukuze uthole okwengeziwe ngokutshala okuhambisanayo, bheka lokhu okuthunyelwe.

Ukutshala Okulandelanayo

Ukutshala izitshalo ezihlukahlukene ngokulandelana kuzokunika isivuno esiningi engadini yakho futhi kwandise isikhathi sakho sokuvuna. Njengamanje, ingadi yami ineklabishi elincane, ukholifulawa, i-broccoli, amahlumela aseBrussels, i-kale, i-chard, isipinashi, nolethisi. Uma lezo sezivuniwe, imibhede efanayo izoba yindawo yamakhabe noma ama-squash asebusika.

Ngokuya ngendawo yangakini, ungatshala izitshalo ezithile ekwindla nasebusika. Uma ingadi yasehlobo isivuniwe, zama ukutshala imifino yezimpande, imifino, nolethisi ngesimo sezulu esipholile.

Ukulima Okuqondile

Ukukhulisa ezinye izitshalo kunokuziyeka zisakazeke kunganciphisa indawo eziyidingayo. Lokhu futhi kwandisa isivuno ngokwandisa ukugeleza komoya nokunciphisa ukuchayeka kwezifo. Ama-trellises namakheji alungele utamatisi, ukhukhamba, i-vining squash, nokunye. Bona lokhu okuthunyelwe ngezindlela esisebenzise ngazo izinto ezime mpo engadini eminyakeni edlule.

Ithiphu yabaqalayo: Uma lezi zinketho zibonakala zingaphezu kwamandla, vele unamathele ekutshaleni emigqeni ngokuya ngezinkomba zephakheji lembewu. Uma utshala utamatisi noma ukhukhamba (okudinga ngempela ukusekelwa okuqondile), cela isitolo sakho sengadi sasendaweni ukuthi sikuqondise kumatrellis athengwe esitolo alungele umsebenzi.

6. Phakamisa (Ukhule) Insimu

Uma ingadi isitshaliwe, sekuyisikhathi sokuphakela nokhula! Uma uhlole inhlabathi yakho futhi wayilungisa ngomquba, lesi sinyathelo ngeke sidingeke okungenani isikhashana, kodwa ngithanda ukusebenzisa leli tiye lomquba elenziwe ekhaya ukuze nginikeze ingadi umfutho. Kuyindlela ehlukile kunomanyolo wemvelo obizayo futhi kulula ukuwenza lapho kudingeka.

Ukwenza ingadi ye-organic kuza nengxenye yakho efanele yokususa ukhula njengoba asisebenzisi imithi yokubulala ukhula eduze nokudla (ukuqhaqhazela). Ngokujabulisayo, kunezindlela zokwenza inqubo ibe lula. Ukhula alukwazi ukumila lapho kungekho kukhanya khona, ngakho lubhuqe ngaphambi kokuthi luqale ngokumboza amaphasishi asengadini ngephephandaba, amakhadibhodi, noma imboza ephilayo. Noma sebenzisa umgoqo wokhula wephepha wemvelo ozovele ugalele emhlabathini lapho isizini sesiphelile. Iyasebenza ngempela!

Ithiphu yabaqalayo: Igeja elilula lasengadini linakekela okunye futhi lidinga ukusetshenziswa phakathi kwezitshalo njalo ezinsukwini ezimbalwa. Izingane zami ezincane zine amathuluzi okulima lokho nje ubukhulu babo nothando ukusiza ngalo msebenzi.

7. Lungela Ngokulawula Izinambuzane Ezingokwemvelo

Ucabanga ukuthi ukhula luyinkinga enkulu engadini? Cha. Ayikho indawo yokulima engaqeda ngaphandle kokusho ukubaluleka kokulawula izinambuzane. Kuyakhungathekisa ukuchitha amahora usebenza engadini yakho ukuze izitshalo zibhujiswe izimbungulu, amacimbi, ngisho nezilwane ezincane (nezinkulu).

Ngokulinywa kwengadi, izibulala-zinambuzane eziningi ezivamile azinamkhawulo, kodwa zisekhona izindlela eziningi ezinhle zokunqanda izinambuzane! Bheka lokhu okuthunyelwe ngezinketho ezihlukahlukene zokulawula izinambuzane zemvelo.

Ithiphu yabaqalayo: Funda “ukuhlola” ingadi. Abalimi bayazi ukuthi ukuqaphela njalo kuyisihluthulelo sempumelelo. Thatha ikhofi lakho lasekuseni uye engadini futhi ubuke ukuthi kwenzakalani. Ngaleyo ndlela uzobamba noma yimuphi umonakalo wezinambuzane kusekuncane.

8. Jabulela Ingadi Yakho Ephilayo!

Kukhona ukwehluleka okuthile onyakeni wakho wokuqala wokulima engadini (noma ngisho okweshumi kwakho!), Kodwa lokho kuyingxenye yephakheji. Okuningi okutshalayo kuzokhula, futhi akukho okudlula ukukha umkhiqizo omusha engadini yakho engasemuva. Inambitheka ehluke kakhulu kulokho okutholakala esitolo (utamatisi we-cherry ofudumele elangeni usanda kukhishwa emvinini … aaahh). Futhi yini enye izingane zakho zizohamba ngamantongomane ngemikhiqizo yazo yasengadini.

Ithiphu: Sebenzisa leyo zucchini entsha nemifino yasehlobo kulesobho sesoseji sase-Italy esiphundu!

Ukwazi ukuthi ukudla kwakho kuvelaphi (nokuthi yini engazange kufuthwe kukho!) ekugcineni kuyanelisa futhi kuwufanele ukutshalwa kwezimali kwesikhathi nomzamo. Futhi, uzothola leso sikhathi esinzima ungaphandle ekukhanyeni kwelanga nokungcola. Umzimba wakho uzokubonga!

Ingabe wenza ingadi kulo nyaka? Utshalani? Ngazise ngezansi!


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